Posts Tagged With: Scotts Bluff County

Nature Places Behind the Places: Fourteen Nebraska Counties

A element of nature that influenced the place, be it animal or geographical feature …

Antelope: Guessing what this county is named for is easy.  Guessing why may not be.  Evidently an antelope kindly provided a meal for Leander Gerrard (of Platte County) and the company that he was with.  They shot the antelope while on the trail of Indians.

Box Butte: Named for a rectangular butte located six miles north of Alliance.

Buffalo: In earlier times, buffalo herds used this land as a feeding ground.

Cedar: The trees that were in the region.  (This is the county my grandparents used to live in – visited this great county often through the years!)

Garden: They longed for this county to be the “garden spot of  the west.”   This has only been a separate county since 1909.

File:Windlass Hill ravine DS 1.JPG

Windlass Hill Ravine from Wikimedia (Garden County, NE)

I am not sure that it is garden-like, but it is pretty ..

Keya Paha County: This county is named for a river that can be found in the Northeast part of the county.  In Sioux, the word ke’-ya means turtle and pa-ha’ means hill.  River means wa-kpi’ in the Sioux language, but that part did not make it into the county name.

Loup: Named for the Pawnee Loup or Loup River that flows through the county.

Nemaha: Named for the Nemaha River.  In the Oto language, Ni means water, and Maha means miry.  Miry means swampy.  (This was a new word to me or maybe I always spelled the word another way?)

Platte: The French translation of the Indian word meaning flat.  First called “Loup” and only was the eastern part of today’s modern county.  Monroe was the western half that was eventually absorbed into the Platte County.

Red Willow: This county should technically be named “Red Dogwood” because that is the correct translation of the Sioux word “Chan shasha Wakpala.”  This plentiful shrub grew along the banks of the creek.

Rock: Rocky soil in this location.  Although interestingly enough, this is also one of the counties where the Niobrara flows through …

Saline:  For the supposed salt deposits in the area.    This ended up being false.  The interesting part of the story – the fight over the location of the county seat and the keeping of records.  You can read more on Saline County’s historical page.

Scotts Bluff: The noted landmark in the area influenced the name of the county.  (Of course, there was a person behind the name of the bluff: area trapper Hiram Scott who died at the base).

Valley: For the mostly valleys found in this county that is in between the higher table lands of the North Loup Valley that is around this county.

Categories: Frontier Trails, Lewis and Clark, Nebraska History, Panhandle, Pioneer Country, Place Behind the Places, Prairie Lakes, Region or City, Sandhills | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

People Behind the Places: Nebraska Counties N-S

Grasping the length of time necessary to identify all of the Nebraska counties escaped me.  93 counties was a theoretical number to me before.  Now I am realizing just how “wide” and “tall” Nebraska is.  I have enjoyed reading the stories in Perkey’s Nebraska Place Names. (And if I found out any more information on any websites, I provided a link!)  (Note: No “O” or “Q” counties!)

Nance: Acting Nebraska Governor Albinus Nance was given this honor in 1879.  (Good thing they went with his last name, rather than his first, or those residents would have to practice their spelling! 🙂  )

Nuckolls: A founder of Nebraska City, Stephen F. Nuckolls, was also a territorial congressman.  Of course, he ended up leaving the state for his Coloradan mining interests.  But according the Nebraska State Historical Society. many members of his family also made Nebraska contributions to our state.

Otoe: Named for the Oto Indians (not sure about the discrepancy in spelling.)  They were in fact some of the original residents of this county having relocated from the Michigan area.  They were also the original founders of Ashland (formerly known as Patterson according to Nebraska Studies.

Pawnee: Named for the Pawnee Indians.  This tribe lived further west than their county namesake but were still given the honor of a name.  But not the land.

Perkins: Possibly Charles E. Perkins, who happened to be president of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railway.  Or Joseph Perkins of Grant.  (Could not seem to find out any information about him).

Pierce: In 1856, the current President was Franklin Pierce, and he given a Nebraska county name.  This was an earlier Nebraska county as it was established eleven years before the state was official.

Polk: President James K. Polk was the man behind this place.

Richardson: An Illinois man, William Richardson would become the third territorial governor of Nebraska.

Sarpy: Notable Nebraskan, Colonel Peter A. Sarpy, operator of the Bellevue “Trader’s Post”, lived in this area.  He established several trading outposts and towns in Nebraska.  Being married to an Omaha Indian woman, the tribe called him “White Chief.”  According to Nebraska Social Studies, he lived an interesting life and contributed much to his locale.

Saunders: Acting Nebraska territorial governor, Alvin Saunders, allowed this county to be renamed for him in 1862.  Original name: Calhoun

Scotts Bluff: Kind of a place (noted landmark in Platte Valley) and person, Hiram Scott, an earlier Nebraska traveler who perished at the spot.  If only he had known just how many people would know his name.  Okay, maybe they would not recognize who he was specifically, but the bluff was a key trail landmark.

Seward: Abraham Lincoln’s Secretary of State: William Howard Seward.

Sheridan: Civil War General Philip H. Sheridan.  He was a cavalry man.

Sherman: Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman.  (The Civil War Trust has a great article on him.)

Sioux: Named for Sioux Indians and happens to be the farthest Northwest County in the state.  Different Indian Groups were in the area.  This county contains the site of the War Creek Bonnet Skirmish Site (p. 43 of the document) that involved Buffalo Bill Cody and Yellow Hair.

Stanton: Secretary of War for two Presidents, Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, Edwin M Stanton held his from 1862-1867.  Previous name of the county: Izard County after the former territorial governor, Mark Izard.

And next week, we will finish the lists of people behind the Nebraska counties.  (Then it will be to discover the places behind the counties – not quite as many of those!)

Categories: Frontier Trails, Lewis and Clark, Metro, Nebraska History, Panhandle, People Behind the Place, Pioneer Country, Prairie Lakes, Sandhills | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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